Having just returned from 2 weeks working in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo- I am again humbled and saddened by the devastating effects of burn injuries.
Some patient examples:
As mentioned in my prior blog posting- prevention is key.
Prevention of the burn injury in the first place
Prevention of contractures in patients who have sustained burn injuries
As mentioned in my prior post, it is far easier to prevent the contracture than to treat a longstanding joint contracture- as often it is more than just a “skin” problem. Longstanding contractures often lead to joint irregularities/arthritis, as well as tendon and ligament abnormalities, which can make normal function impossible despite operative intervention.
Splints, early skin grafting, regular physical therapy during the healing process are the keys. This does not require high tech equipment- have the patient squeeze a rubber ball or use cloth to create a sling the patient can pull against. The goal is to keep joints moving and supple- to try to prevent joint contractures and thereby prevent lifelong disability.